a hummingbird beats its wings

  • A Hummingbird Beats Its Wings represents four dimensions in two. 

    It is scientifically accurate and informed by the data from Quantifying the Dynamic Wing Morphing of a Hovering Hummingbird (by Masateru Maeda, Toshiyuki Nakata, Ikuo Kitamura, Hiroto Tanaka, and Hao Liu).




  • The polar axis orients the viewer, and signals simultaneity.

    Simultaneous events are aligned horizontally.
  • Color indicates the position of the movement on the wing, 
    while shade indicates position in time.
  • An imagined 3D model of the movement helps put the two views of the movement together.